The campaign’s manifesto - launched during the World Bank and International Monetary Fund annual meetings in Washington DC - demands that western governments, the World Bank and other development banks stop prioritising PPPs over traditional public borrowing to finance social and economic infrastructure and services.
The 157 organisations from 45 countries behind the manifesto point out that "experience of PPPs has been overwhelmingly negative and very few PPPs have delivered results in the public interest.” PPPs often cost more in the long run than conventional public funding, expose governments to financial risk, and can have a disproportionally negative impact on women and children, and undermine democracy, human and environmental rights.
"We are seeing increased promotion of PPPs by the World Bank, G20 and others,” said Maria Jose Romero, Policy and Advocacy manager at Eurodad, the European Network on Debt and Development. "Until relatively recently PPPs were largely confined to developed economies, but now they are being aggressively pushed onto countries in the global south as the answer to development finance shortfalls.”
"This dangerous trend means the very countries which are already most vulnerable to debt and most in need of development aid are saddled with expensive, high risk, undemocratic and unaccountable projects,” said Romero. "PPPs also encourage corruption and bad decision-making because contracts are often negotiated in secret and covered by commercial confidentiality.”
Among the many examples of PPPs which have failed to live up their promises, the campaign highlights
- a hospital in Lesotho which cost three times more than the one it replaced and has swallowed up a quarter of the country's health budget
- a PPP road linking Brazil and Peru which rose from US$800m to US$2.3bn through corruptly secured renegotiation processes
- the Bujagali Dam in Uganda - a US$860m PPP project which has damaged Lake Victoria and the livelihoods of local people
- a hospital PPP in the UK with an initial private sector investment of £1.149 billion, but which has left the public sector having to pay six times more - £7.194 billion - between 2007 and 2048.