The e-bike has become an increasingly popular means of transport in recent years. The e-bike boom is evident in private households as well as in other sectors, such as logistics or bike-sharing services. The global e-bike market was estimated at nearly USD 24 billion (EUR 20.15 billion) in 2020 and is forecast to continue growing over the next few years (Mordor Intelligence 2019).
However, human rights violations and environ-mental pollution often occur in the production of e-bikes, especially upstream in the global supply chains, i.e. in the extraction and processing of raw materials.